Soil Conservation and Watershed Management Programs
In a continuing endeavor to meet departmental objectives in line with the policies and strategies, the department has incorporated the following SCWM programs and activities:
1. Land Use Development Planning
Land use plans are the basis for rational utilization and management of watershed resources. These plans are prepared by following the departmental guidelines. The main activities carried out under this program are:
a) Sub-watershed prioritization
b) Watershed management planning
c) Sub-watershed management planning, and
d) Technical service for land use development
-Raduwa Khola sub-watershed, Dadeldhura - An example of SCWM Working Unit
2. Community Integrated Watershed Management Program
This program includes the following:
2.1 Land Productivity Conservation
Productivity conservation programs are those which help to develop and improve productivity of the land through appropriate land use management on the basis of land capabilities. On-farm conservation, terrace improvement, degraded land rehabilitation, sloping agricultural land technology (SALT), agroforestry, fruit tree planting, fodder / grass plantation and grazing management are part of the land productivity conservation program.
-Grass plantation on terrace riser, Kumpur, Dhading       -Pine plantation
                            -Degraded land rehabilitation, Pereni, Dang
                                -Borropit conservation, Sarbang, Kulekhani
2.2 Development Infrastructure Protection and Development
Development infrastructure protection programs are those which help to protect and stabilize the basic development infrastructures such as reservoirs, irrigation, roads and others with the aim of improving the economic life of the development infrastructure. Road slope stabilization, irrigation channel improvement, trail improvement, stream bank protection, shelterbelt, greenbelt and buffer strips come under this program.
                            -Trail improvement

2.3 Natural Hazard Prevention

Natural hazard prevention programs aim to protect life, property and natural resources from natural hazards. Gully treatment, landslide treatment, torrent control, stream bank protection, conservation pond construction and run-off harvesting dam construction come under the natural hazard prevention program.
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-Gully control measure using locally available material, Indrayani, Kathmandu
2.4 Community Soil Conservation and Extension
These programs are intended to raise the awareness level of community members, develop their knowledge, skills and motivate them to participate in SCWM activities. This program includes water source conservation, micro-catchment demonstration establishment, demonstration site management, support in rural soil conservation and income generating activities. Bee-keeping, private nursery, mushroom growing, vegetable growing are the main income generating activities related to land and water resources.
3. Community Mobilization and Empowerment
These programs aim to mobilize and empower the community to implement SCWM activities. Group identification and formation, training / workshop / study tours, conservation education in schools, conservation day celebration,  extension material production and distribution come under this program.
   -School students involved in plantation      -World Environment Day celebration in Dadeldhura
4. Nursery Establishment and Seedling Production
Nursery establishment and seedling production activities come under this program.
        -A Nursery: ready to supply seedlings for plantation.
5. Maintenance and Improvement
Maintenance and improvement of conservation activities implemented in the previous years come under this program. 

6. Technology Development, Study, Research and Mapping
Applied research, soil/water sample collection/analysis, mapping, various types of testing/study/research and report preparation come under this program.
7. Monitoring and Evaluation
Monitoring and evaluation of physical activities implemented in the field, natural system monitoring, photo point monitoring, progress review meeting and annual report preparation come under Monitoring and Evaluation.