For more Details :


Building Climate Resilience of Watersheds in Mountain Eco-Regions (BCRWME) Project

Building Climate Resilience of Watersheds in Mountain Eco-Regions (BCRWME) is the first component of Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR) of Nepal. Project preparatory technical assistance (PPTA) was provided by ADB to develop BCRWME Project. The Project was approved by ADB's Board of Directors on 23 September 2013. Government of Nepal (Cabinet) approved the project on 9 January 2014. The grant agreement was signed on 20 January 2014 and became effective on 7 February 2014. The Nordic Development Fund (NDF) has provided a parallel grant for technical assistance, and the agreement between NDF and the Government was signed on 13 February 2014. Project completion is expected by 31 January 2020.

The project aims to provide access to more reliable water resources for domestic purposes and irrigation for communities living in the watersheds of Nepal river systems which are significantly vulnerable to climate change. Access and reliability to water resources will be improved through a participatory program of integrated watershed management with interventions in upland areas to increase surface water storage and groundwater recharge. The project will demonstrate ways to protect water sources while at the same time developing them for efficient use. The communities in the project area will have more reliable water supplies in the dry season. Major beneficiaries will be women and disadvantaged groups. The project will demonstrate participatory watershed management planning and build the capacity of all levels of the government for integrated watershed development specifically focusing on water resources.

Expected Impact of the Project

The expected impact (long-term goal) will be that climate resilience in Nepal mountain communities is improved.
Outcome of the Project
The project’s outcome will be that communities significantly vulnerable to climate change have access to more reliable water resources. Approximately 45,000 households are expected to benefit from improved water availability during the dry season to support domestic and agricultural uses. The spring or surface water sources are expected to become more reliable; the dry season water yield will either remain the same or increase.

Outputs of the Project
Four outputs are envisaged:
1.Participating communities have improved catchment management and new or improved water storage infrastructure—The project will support communities to develop and protect their water sources (springs and streams) and construct water storages to help sustain the use of limited water during the dry season;
2.Communities and Government manage water and land in an integrated and inclusive manner within watersheds—Implementation of subprojects will particularly address water conservation in the catchments and shortage issues;

3.Government adopts knowledge-based approaches for integrated water and land management and improved water reliability and accessibility in the wake of climate change; and

4.Project management support is provided.
The Project Area

The Project will be implemented in the Lower West Seti and Budhi Ganga watersheds of the Karnali River basin.  The project area include Accham, Bahjung, Baitadi, Bajura, Dadeldhura, and Doti districts (whole or in part).

Figure 1. The Project Area: Lower West Seti and Budhiganga watersheds of Karnali River Basin

The Interventions and working units
• One package of water sources protection, catchment management (includes conservation plantation, recharge pond construction, gully and landslide treatment, soil erosion control, grazing management etc.), construction of water infrastructures (infiltration gallery/water collection chamber/intake, drinking water storage tank , irrigation pond, transmission from source to storage tank/pond etc.) within a catchment.
Subproject :
• One package of all schemes with in a Village Development Committee (VDC) is termed as a subproject.

There are 120 VDCs in the Project area of which about a dozen sparsely populated VDCs are part of Khaptad National Park and Ramaroshan area. Total number of subprojects proposed is 108. During PPTA extension Period 8 Subprojects Preparation Reports (SPPRs) has been prepared (up to feasibility level).

Implementation Arrangement:
Aspects    Arrangements
Implementation period    January 2014 – January 2020
Estimated completion date    31 January 2020
(i) Steering Committee  Secretary, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation (chair)
Director General, DSCWM
Deputy Director General, DSCWM
Representative, MFALD
Representative, MoSTE
Representative, Department of Agriculture
Representative, Department of Forests
Representative, Department of Irrigation
Representative, Department of Water Supply and Sewerage
Chief, Planning Division, MoFSC
Project Director (secretary)

(ii)Technical Working Group    Director General, DSCWM (Coordinator),
Deputy Director General, DSCWM
Representatives (Class 2 officer) from DOA,
Representatives (Class 2 officer) from DOF,
Representatives (Class 2 officer) from DOI,  
Representatives (Class 2 officer) from DWSS,  
Project Director (Member Secretary).
Representatives from ADB and NDF - Invitees
(iii) Executing Agency    Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management
(iv) Key Implementing Agencies    District Soil Conservation Offices: Baitadi, Dadeldhura and Doti
(v) Implementation Unit    Project Management Unit (PMU) in Dadeldhura
PMU Liaison office in Kathmandu
Project imp Implementation Organizations' Major Roles and Responsibilities:
Project imp Implementation Organizations     Management Roles and Responsibilities
Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation (MOFSC)     Chair the Project Steering Committee to supervise and guide implementation
Ensures all assurances implemented
Provides policy and decision support
Appoints to Project Management Unit (PMU) staff
Monitor and guide overall project planning, management and
implementation activities
Executing Agency: Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management (DSCWM) and its PMU

•    Manage project planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation
•    Monitor and report on both physical and financial progress
•    Monitor social and environmental impacts to meet safeguard requirements
•    Prepare and update detailed project work plan and budget
•    Manage procurement of consulting services
•    Manage project staff and consultants
•    Manage an imprest account, fund flow, and grant disbursement
•    Keep stakeholders informed of project progress and benefits

Project Steering Committee (PSC)

•    Provide policy guidance
•    Monitor overall progress and direction and provide guidance to ensure successful implementation
•    Address any other key issues and problems related to the project

Technical Working Group (TWG)  

•    Review technical reports produced by the project
•    Consider project implementation issues that have inter-agency implications

Kathmandu Liaison Office

•    Act under the guidance of the Project Director to coordinate project business in Kathmandu as necessary

District Soil Conservation Offices (DSCOs) (Baitadi, Dadeldhura and Doti)

•    Supervise field implementation teams, consultants, NGOs, and community works, providing technical backstopping and quality control
•    Monitor subproject implementation
•    Monitor social and environmental safeguards in subproject areas
•    Prepare and administer agreements with Community Development Groups
Project Staffing

Government Staff
Project Management Office (PMU), Dadeldhura
Project Director, Gazetted Class II, Technical
Deputy Project Director, Gazetted Class II, Technical (Knowledge Management Officer #1),
Account Officer, Gazetted Class III, Account
Accountant, Non-Gazetted Class I, Account
Administration Assistant, Non-Gazetted Class I, Administration
(Two Office Assistants –Contractual Staff)
PMU’s Liaison Office in Kathmandu
Liaison Officer, Gazetted Class III, Technical (Knowledge Management Officer #2)

Mid-level Technicians for Field Technical Teams (FTT),
Total 18 FTTs or 36 mid-level technicians; each FTT comprises
1 Watershed Management Technician (Forestry/Agriculture)
1 Sub-Engineer (Civil)
DSCWM will assign six mid-level technicians (3 FTTs) from District Soil Conservation Offices (Baitadi, Dadeldhura and Doti) for the Project and 30 mid-level technicians (15 FTTs) are contractual staff.
DSCWM will designate Soil Conservation Officers from Baitadi, Dadeldhura and Doti as Environment Officer for the Project

PMU Consultants (International and National), Dadeldhura
NDF Administrated International Consultants
1 Team Leader and Watershed Resources Engineer
1 Gender and Social Development Specialist
1 Knowledge Management Advisor
NDF Administrated National Consultants
1 GIS Specialist
1 Watershed Management Planner/Trainer
1 Hydro-geologist
1 Knowledge Management Consultant
1 Administrator

PMIC Consultants (National), Dadeldhura
ADB Administrated National Consultants
1 Deputy Team Leader /Watershed Management Specialist
1 Senior Social Development and M&E Specialist
1 Procurement Specialist
1 Financial Management Specialist
1 Senior Environment Specialist
1 GIS Specialist
1 Agriculturist
PMU's Mobile FFT Supervision Teams – 3 Teams
3 Watershed Management Specialists
3 Water Resources Engineers
3 Sociologists

Project Financing Plan


Amount ($ million)

Share of Total (%)

ADB Strategic Climate Funda 



Nordic Development Fund









a Under the Pilot Program for Climate Resilience financed by the Strategic Climate Fund. The ADB Strategic Climate Fund is administered by the Asian Development Bank.

b €3.6 million at the exchange rate of €1 = $1.2864 as of 15 May 2013.

Source: Asian Development Bank estimates.